Level 1 Functional Skills in Maths

NCFE Aim Reference: 60350556 GLH: 55 Age Restriction: Pre-16
Qualification Number:603/5055/6 TQT: 66
Level: 1 Minimum Credits: 17


The purpose of the Functional Skills Mathematics Level 1 qualification is to demonstrate both mathematical skills at the appropriate level and the ability to apply mathematical thinking effectively to solve problems successfully in the workplace and in other real-life situations.

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Maths Tables Test


Functional Skills qualifications enable learners to gain confidence in using mathematics. The qualifications provide a foundation for learners to progress into employment or further technical education and develop skills for everyday life. They can use these skills to solve mathematical problems.

Learners will show a sound grasp of the basic and underpinning maths skills for each level and apply mathematical thinking to solve simple problems in familiar situations.

Who is it suitable for?

This qualification is suitable for learners studying the following:

– Apprenticeships

– Traineeships

– Study Programme

– Alternative to GCSE

– T-Levels

– As a standalone qualification

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Aims and Objectives

Functional Skills Mathematics qualifications at this level should:

– Indicate that learners can demonstrate their ability in mathematical skills and their ability to apply these, through appropriate reasoning and decision making, to solve realistic problems of increasing complexity

– Introduce learners to new areas of life and work so that they are exposed to concepts and problems which, while not of immediate concern, may be of value in later life

– Enable learners to develop an appreciation of the role played by mathematics in the world of work and in life generally.

Qualification Structure

The Functional Skills subject content is provided by the Department for Education, who stipulate that Awarding Organisations must create Functional Skills qualifications that rigidly adhere to this content.

The mathematics subject content can be accessed from the Department for Education directly, from their Functional Skills Subject Content: Mathematics

Referencing for the subject content uses the following coding:

L1 Level 1
L2 Level 2
N Using numbers and the number system
M Using common measures, shape and space
H Handling information and data

Mathematics Level 1 Subject Content

Level 1: Using numbers and the number system – whole numbers, fractions, decimals and percentages

Reference Subject content statement Assessment weighting (approx.)
L1.N1 Read, write, order and compare large numbers (up to one million) 50–60%
L1.N2 Recognise and use positive and negative numbers
L1.N3 Multiply and divide whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100, 1000
L1.N4 Use multiplication facts and make connections with division facts
L1.N5 Use simple formulae expressed in words for one or 2-step operations
L1.N6 Calculate the squares of one-digit and 2-digit numbers
L1.N7 Follow the order of precedence of operators
L1.N8 Read, write, order and compare common fractions and mixed numbers
L1.N9 Find fractions of whole number quantities or measurements
L1.N10 Read, write, order and compare decimals up to 3 decimal places
L1.N11 Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals up to 2 decimal places
L1.N12 Approximate by rounding to a whole number or to one or 2 decimal places
L1.N13 Read, write, order and compare percentages in whole numbers
L1.N14 Calculate percentages of quantities, including simple percentage increases and decreases by 5% and multiples thereof
L1.N15 Estimate answers to calculations using fractions and decimals
L1.N16 Recognise and calculate equivalences between common fractions, percentages and decimals
L1.N17 Work with simple ratio and direct proportions
Learners at Level 1 are expected to be able to count in steps of various sizes, including negative numbers; read, write and understand positive whole numbers to one million. They can order and compare whole numbers of any size, and fractions, ratios and decimals and recognise the effect of multiplying and dividing by powers of 10, 100 and 1000. They can identify, compare and extend a range of numerical and spatial patterns, use, understand and calculate with fractions, decimals and percentages and calculate simple interest

Level 1: Using common measures, shape and space

Reference Subject content statement Assessment weighting (approx.)
L1.M18 Calculate simple interest in multiples of 5% on amounts of money 20 – 30 %
L1.M19 Calculate discounts in multiples of 5% on amounts of money
L1.M20 Convert between units of length, weight, capacity, money and time in the same system
L1.M21 Recognise and make use of simple scales on maps and drawings
L1.M22 Calculate the area and perimeter of simple shapes, including those that are made up of a combination of rectangles
L1.M23 Calculate the volumes of cubes and cuboids
L1.M24 Draw 2-D shapes and demonstrate an understanding of line symmetry and knowledge of the relative size of angles
L1.M25 Interpret plans, elevations and nets of simple 3-D shapes
L1.M26 Use angles when describing position and direction, and measure angles in degrees
Learners at Level 1 are expected to be able to work out simple relationships between common units of measurement to define quantities, also involving mathematical terms for position and direction. They can apply and use calculations with common measures, including money, time, length, weight and capacity. They can visualise, draw and describe 2-D and 3-D shapes and use properties of 2-D shapes in calculations.

Level 1: Handling information and data

Reference Subject content statement Assessment weighting (approx.)
L1.H27 Represent discrete data in tables, diagrams and charts, including pie charts, bar charts and line graphs 20 – 30 %
L1.H28 Group discrete data and represent grouped data graphically
L1.H29 Find the mean and range of a set of quantities
L1.H30 Understand probability on a scale from 0 (impossible) to 1 (certain) and use probabilities to compare the likelihood of events
L1.H31 Use equally likely outcomes to find the probabilities of simple events and express them as fractions
Learners at Level 1 are expected to be able to select, construct and interpret a range of statistical diagrams in various contexts; select and use methods and forms to present and describe outcomes. They can extract and interpret information from tables, diagrams, charts and graphs; apply simple statistics and recognise features of charts to summarise and compare sets of data; recognise and use the probability scale and interpret probabilities.

Level 1: Solving mathematical problems and decision making

Learners at Level 1 are expected to be able to use the knowledge and skills listed above to recognise and obtain a solution or solutions to a straightforward problem. A straightforward problem is one that requires learners to either work through one step or process or to work through more than one connected step or process.

Individual problems are based on the knowledge and/or skills in the mathematical content areas (number and the number system; common measures, shape and space; information and data). At Level 1, it is expected that the learner will be able to address individual problems, some of which draw upon a combination of any 2 of the mathematical content areas and require learners to make connections between those content areas.

Learners at Level 1 are expected to be able to:

– Read, understand and use mathematical information and mathematical terms used at this level

– Address individual problems as described above

– Use knowledge and understanding to a required level of accuracy

– Analyse and interpret answers in the context of the original problem

– Check the sense, and reasonableness, of answers

– Present results with appropriate explanation and interpretation, demonstrating simple reasoning to support the process, and show consistency with the evidence presented.

The context of individual problems at this level will require some comprehension in order for the learners to be able

Further Learning Opportunities

Learners who achieve Level 2 Functional Skills in Mathematics could progress to:

– NCFE Level 2 Functional Skills Qualification in Mathematics

– NCFE Level 2 Award in Maths

– NCFE Level 2 Certificate in Maths

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